Java 8 XX:PermSize and XX:MaxPermSize Disappearing

This is one of the new features of Java 8, part of JDK Enhancement Proposals 122:

Remove the permanent generation from the Hotspot JVM and thus the need to tune the size of the permanent generation.

The list of all the JEPs that will be included in Java 8 can be found on the JDK8 milestones page.

Reasons of ignoring these argument is permanent generation has been removed in HotSpot for JDK8 because of following drawbacks

  • Fixed size at startup – difficult to tune.
  • Internal Hotspot types were Java objects : Could move with full GC, opaque, not strongly typed and hard to debug, needed meta-metadata.
  • Simplify full collections : Special iterators for metadata for each collector
  • Want to deallocate class data concurrently and not during GC pause
  • Enable future improvements that were limited by PermGen.

The Permanent Generation (PermGen) space has completely been removed and is kind of replaced by a new space called Metaspace. The consequences of the PermGen removal is that obviously the PermSize and MaxPermSize JVM arguments are ignored and you will never get a java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen error.

Advantages of MetaSpace

  • Take advantage of Java Language Specification property : Classes and associated metadata lifetimes match class loader’s
  • Per loader storage area – Metaspace
  • Linear allocation only
  • No individual reclamation (except for RedefineClasses and class loading failure)
  • No GC scan or compaction
  • No relocation for metaspace objects

Metaspace Tuning

The maximum metaspace size can be set using the -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize flag, and the default is unlimited, which means that only your system memory is the limit. The -XX:MetaspaceSize tuning flag defines the initial size of metaspace If you don’t specify this flag, the Metaspace will dynamically re-size depending of the application demand at runtime.

Change enables other optimizations and features in the future

  • Application class data sharing
  • Young collection optimizations, G1 class unloading
  • Metadata size reductions and internal JVM footprint projects

There is improved GC performace also. More detail

Useful article: http://java.dzone.com/articles/java-8-permgen-metaspace

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s